The American Civil War , one of the bloodiest wars the United States has ever had to go through. The American Civil War started in 1861
— Thomas Sowell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. His website is . © 2015 Creators Syndicate Inc.
1. Land Policy . Settlement of western lands had always been a major bone of contention for slave and free-labor farms. The manner in which the federal government distributed land to people could have a major impact on the nature of farming in a region. Northerners wanted to encourage the settlement of farms which would depend primarily on family labor by offering cheap land in small parcels. Southerners feared that such a policy would make it more difficult to keep areas open for settlement by slaveholders who wanted to establish large plantations. This all came to a head with the “Homestead Act” of 1860 that would provide 160 acres of free land for anyone who wanted to settle and farm the land. Northern and western congressmen strongly favored the bill in the House of Representatives but the measure received only a single vote from slave states’ representatives. The bill passed, but President Buchanan vetoed it. (Bensel 1990: 69-72)
Even as Roy Moore’s campaign publicly denounced the claim of one accuser, two more women came forward.