A deliberative assembly , using parliamentary procedure , could ratify action that otherwise was not validly taken. For example, action taken where there was no quorum at the meeting is not valid until it is later ratified at a meeting where a quorum is present. 
states that the primary concern of the anti-federalists was the Constitution's perceived threat to liberty. The Constitution set up a strong central government similar to the British system from which Americans had just escaped. Ratification would seemingly place the states at the mercy of a distant, unsympathetic national government. Furthermore, the Constitution did not include a bill of rights that many anti-federalists believed was essential to protecting the liberty of the people. This concern led to the adoption of the Bill of Rights as amendments to the ratified Constitution.
It took four months to write a new Constitution. It took 10 months for the 13 states to approve the document. | MAKING OF A NATION
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